Main menu


Information about Australia

Australia is a country with stability, cultural diversity, and one of the world's strongest economies. It is the only country the size of a continent and the largest island in the world and ranks sixth among the largest countries in the world.

Info about Australia
Info about Australia

Australia is one of the world's most culturally diverse nations enriched by indigenous and immigrant cultures.

Cultural diversity

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and immigrant cultures have shaped Australian society.

  • Since 1996, the number of migrants from Africa and the Middle East has doubled.

75% of Australians live a civilized lifestyle in urban areas and are concentrated in capitals and major cities in coastal areas.

The basic principles of Australia's cultural diversity policy are:

  1. The Australian government's interest and recognition of the benefits of cultural diversity for all Australians under democratic values.
  2. The Australian Government's commitment to emphasizing the right of all to access Australia's opportunities and services.
  3. The Australian Government's interest in the economic, commercial, and investment benefits of cultural diversity.
  4. The Australian Government is keen to promote awareness and acceptance in its efforts to vigorously combat racial discrimination.


Indigenous people arrived in Australia 50,000 to 60,000 years ago, and Torres Strait Islanders reached it 10,000 years ago.

In 1788, Britain built punitive settlements in Australia. In 1850, this period was known as the gold rush that was discovered in Australia and contributed to attracting immigrants to Australia at that time from all over the world.

  • In 1901, the Federal Federation, known as the Australian Quantum, was formed.

Official logo

Australia takes kangaroos, emos, and golden lyceums as a symbol of the Australian animal and plant kingdom


The whole of Australia is located in the southern hemisphere and is surrounded by seas on all sides and passes through the central orbit of Capricorn, bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the west and the south, and the Timor Sea to the north, which separates Australia from the Indonesian islands, surrounded by several islands, the most important and the largest of which is Tasmania in the south-east, separating it from New Zealand in the south-east by the Tasman Sea.


Australia's population is immigrants or descendants of immigrants who have come to Australia from 200 countries since Great Britain established its first settlement in 1788.

In 1945, Australia had a population of about 7 million, mostly British, Irish and Scottish.

  • Since then, more than 6.5 million migrants have settled in Australia.

Australia currently has a population of more than 24 million. Migrants have contributed to enriching most aspects of life in Australia, including working life, the arts, cooking, science, and sports. Migrants have adapted and integrated into an Australian society of acceptance, tolerance, and equality.


English is the national language and the most widespread among members of society and their most important unifying factor. The most common language spoken by children after English is Arabic, followed by Vietnamese, Greek, Chinese, and Hindi.

  •  Australians speak more than 200 languages, including indigenous languages.

Society, lifestyle, and shared values

Australia firmly adheres to the principle of fairness, which ensures that no one is denied or discriminated against based on their home country, cultural heritage, language, gender, or religious beliefs.

Australian society is a society that believes in equality and adheres to the common principles and values that promote the Australian way of life, the most important of which is equality, freedom of expression, equality before the law, equality between men and women, and equal opportunities.

Law and public order

Community behaviour in Australia is governed by a combination of official laws and social norms. Everyone in Australia must abide by state laws or face criminal and civil penalties.

Serious criminal offences include murder, physical assault, child sexual assault, violence against persons and property, armed robbery or theft, dangerous driving, possession, and use of drugs, fraud, and sex with a minor (legal age 16 in New South Wales, but varies from state to state).

  • Smoking and alcohol use are permitted, but there are many restrictions on smoking and alcohol use in public places. There is no death penalty in Australia.


Australia has a vibrant artistic movement that reflects indigenous traditions, culture, and diverse immigrant cultures, enriched by all forms of visual, theatrical, show, film, dance, and music arts.

  • One of Australians' favourite forms of art is cinema, concerts, art galleries, museums, opera houses, and live theatre performances.


Australia has the largest variety of international foods brought by immigrant cultures from Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, which are characterized by their high quality and great taste.

  • Many new food industries have been established to meet Australia's growing and diverse tastes according to exotic food types and cultures.

Australians enjoy a wide range of seafood served ready in restaurants or home-cooked. Italian, Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese, Greek, Thai, French, Arabic, and Vietnamese restaurants abound in Australia.

Arab foods, in particular, are booming, with Moroccan and Lebanese foods mixed with local contents and materials in public restaurants, which have been well received by Australians and other communities.


Medicare, the Australian health care system administered and funded by the Australian Government, provides free health care to permanent residents and Australian citizens in government hospitals.

There is also a private health insurance system that provides health insurance coverage for visitors, Australian employers, and diplomats temporarily residing in Australia, known as foreign visitor health insurance (OVHC).

The Foreign Student Health Insurance System (OSHC) also provides insurance coverage for foreign students studying at Australian universities through a wide range of private health insurance companies.

  • The website contains detailed information on Australia's private health insurance system.


Beautiful and picturesque landscapes and wonderful weather, including Australia's ancient coastal areas and bright rainforests, create a favourite and attractive tourist destination.

About six million tourists come to Australia each year attracted by beautiful beaches, rare plants, friendly people, and a comfortable environment.

  • Australia has about 9,700 nature reserves and national parks. Tourist areas that reflect Indigenous culture are attractions in Australia.

List of Australian universities

States and counties

  1. Acting Australian Capital Province: Canberra's national capital.
  2. New South Wales: Sydney is the largest city in the country.
  3. Victoria: With Melbourne as its capital.
  4. Queensland: With Brisbane as its capital.
  5. South Australia: With Adelaide as its capital.
  6. Northern Province: With Darwin as its capital.
  7. Western Australia: With Perth as its capital.
  8. Tasmania: With Hobart as its capital.

Summary Facts

  • Official name: Cmenuelth Australia.
  • Area: 7,692,024 square kilometers
  • Population: More than 24 million.
  • National language: English.
  • Capital: Canberra.
  • System of government: constitutional monarchy.
  • International dial-up code: +61
  • Currency: Australian dollar.
  • Working days and hours: Monday to Friday, official working hours start from 9am to 5pm.

Emergency numbers:

  • The main emergency number for fire, police, and ambulance can be contacted from any landline or mobile phone in Australia.
  • The secondary emergency number can only be contacted from mobile phones.
  • 106 Emergency number to communicate via telephone text messages to deaf persons or with hearing or speech impairment. This service operates with a tty or a computer connected to a modem.

Directories of institutions and services:

Visa and immigration requirements:

Any person who is not Australian is not a permanent resident or does not have temporary residence must issue a visa to Australia. Including tourist visas, employer visas, athlete visas, student visas, and many more.

Applications for many types of visas can be applied online ( or at Australian embassies and consulates abroad.

  • Electronic Travel Authority can also be submitted to travel agencies and airlines.

Australia relations

Bilateral relations:

Bilateral relations between Saudi Arabia and Australia have progressed significantly over the last decade, evolving into mutual partnerships in various fields.

The Australian Government emphasizes the importance of establishing economic and investment partnerships between Saudi Arabia and Australia in several areas.

The growing number of Saudi students studying at Australian universities is an important factor in strengthening bilateral relations between the two countries and promoting humanitarian relations at various levels.

Business relations:

Saudi Arabia is Australia's second-largest trading market with the Middle East. The Australian Gulf Council (currently integrated with the Arab-Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry) and the Council on Arab-Australian Relations play an important role in promoting trade and bilateral relations between the two countries.

  • In 2013, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the Saudi Australian Business Council and the Saudi Chambers of Commerce Council on the establishment of the Saudi-Australian Joint Business Council.

In terms of sharing experiences, more than 3,000 Australian citizens working in Saudi Arabia in various fields, most notably health and education. There are offices of the Australian Austrade Authority in Riyadh and Jeddah.

Relationships in education:

Australia has large numbers of Saudi students studying at Australian universities and higher institutes, most of whom are enrolled under the King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz External Scholarship Program and have been able to successfully live the Australian lifestyle.

  • The Saudi Cultural Attaché in Australia supervises students who are motivated in terms of their studies and financial, social, and cultural support.

These relations also take shape in the scientific and cognitive exchange between the two countries through the participation of Saudi and Australian cadres in local, regional, and international scientific and research conferences and seminars held in the two countries, in addition to joint contracts to exchange experiences in various disciplines.